By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written background of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages contain one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. renowned family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this crucial language relatives, together with either historic and glossy languages. After a quick advent to the background of the kinfolk and its inner category, next chapters conceal themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes positive factors which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to the various extra outstanding advancements that ensue within the person languages. this offers either a typological assessment and an outline of extra specified good points. The chapters comprise ample examples from quite a few languages. the entire examples contain morpheme by way of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which help in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the ebook is an in depth advisor to extra analyzing, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent includes a wealthy number of info, and covers themes no longer as a rule present in brief sketches similar to this. The readability of presentation makes it precious not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to benefit anything approximately this crucial language relations.
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Extra info for A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks)
Breuer, Vol. 2, pp. 360-92. Jerusalem: Bi· alik Institute. L. 1984. Sabaic Granunar. Manchester: Journal of Semitic Studies. ' 1987. Apologia for "Sayhadic". Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 17:13- 14. L. Beeston at the Arabian Seminar and Other Papers, ed. S. Phillip s, pp. 79-80. ) Behnstedt, Peter, and Manfred Woidich. 2005. Arabische Dialektgeographie: Eine Einfiihrung. Leiden: Brill. Bennett, Patrick R. 1998. Comparative Semitic Linguis tics: A Man ual. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
These are archaisms l. That is, there ica analyt languages, IS purely most other Semitic , g compan. son (68 ). lcatm . m munm (68) fam PL m-l fro l -tal e pIe great and n us' (Deut. 1:2 8) tha ler tal and a eople greater . g. , surb U 'very great' from raba 'great' (SpeIser 195 2). The extensio n of this type of intensive pattern Into a true InflectIOnal compara tive is likely an internal dev el opment within Arabic. aCCaC from Ara bic (though in Mehri it is rath er rare). 5 COORDINATION Coordination of elements or phrases is nonnally indicate d by means of a prochtIC or enc litic particle.
Often such parti cles are proclitic or enclitic elements. Examples are Classical and Modem Standard Arabic fa-, Biblical Hebrew hii-, Ge'ez -nu and -hu (91), Tigrinya -do (92), and Amharic -Ild. The Arabic, He brew, and Ge'ez particles are all attached to the first constituent in the sentence, while the Tigrinya and Amharic particles are sentence-final. Examples of non-clitic interrogative particles are Classical and Modem Standard Arabic hal, Hebrew (mainly post Biblical) ha'lim, and Mehri w,l£ (93).
A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks) by Aaron D. Rubin