By Robert W. Berger

ISBN-10: 0521586445

ISBN-13: 9780521586443

A Royal ardour is the 1st in-depth learn of the solar King as a buyer of structure. Surveying such monuments because the Louvre, Versailles, the Invalides, and different constructions which are heavily pointed out with Louis XIV, Robert W. Berger demonstrates why those structures, gardens, city areas, and their have been so vital to him. Serving as practical prerequisites, items of aesthetic pride, and as political statements, his architectural businesses jointly underscored his absolutist authority. additionally, by way of adopting the guise of 'builder-prince', Louis XIV reasserted his kinship with the Roman emperors, whose grandeur he sought either to emulate and to surpass.

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Through an interpreter M. de Jumonville told them to stop, as he had to speak to them. They [the English] stopped. M. de Jumonville had read to them my summons to retire ... While it was being read, the said Monceau sawall our Frenchmen coming up behind M. de Jumonville, so that they formed a group in the midst of the English and Indians. Meanwhile, Monceau slipped to one side, and went off through the woods. ," who was at Fort Duquesne at the time, also obtained his version from Monceau who had Hheard musket shots, and a few moments later, a second volley with cries of the dying:' He concluded his party had been ambushed and defeated and decided to run back to Fort Duquesne to bring news of the battle.

Hoping that the British were in disarray within their fort, de Villiers then decided to call on them to surrender. Some French shouted to the fort's garrison that if they wanted to parlay, they would cease fire. The offer was accepted and a British officer came out; Captain Ie Mercier went out to meet him and offered to grant the honors of war should the garrison surrender, adding that it would otherwise be difficult to control their Indian allies. Washington and McKay knew they were doomed. Their fort was being targeted from all sides and there was no hope of escape; well-aimed shots had already left 3 I killed and some 70 wounded.

De Villiers proceeded swiftly yet cautiously, leaving his dugout canoes and moving by land from July I. His main force was preceded by numerous small parties of scouts. The next day, some of Villiers' scouts spotted a few Virginians on patrol and captured a Virginian soldier. From this man, who claimed he was a deserter, de Villiers learned that Washington's men could hold out in a small fort they had built at Great Meadows. Later that day, de Villiers arrived at Gist's abandoned settlement. The trails were now getting very difficult to travel on and they were further hindered by the rainy weather.

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A Royal Passion: Louis XIV as Patron of Architecture by Robert W. Berger

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