By Fred Singleton

ISBN-10: 0521274850

ISBN-13: 9780521274852

There are few nations in Europe which include inside a space as small because the British Isles one of these number of traditional environments and cultures as Yugoslavia. This ebook presents a survey of the historical past of the South Slav peoples who got here jointly on the finish of the 1st international battle to shape the 1st Yugoslav nation, and who emerged from the chaos of the second one international warfare to turn into electorate of a socialist federal republic, led by means of the Communist get together less than the management of Marshal Tito. starting in Roman instances, the booklet strains the increase and fall of the medieval Slav principalities, the dominance of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the proclamation of the dominion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, the disastrous results of the German profession and the production of a brand new socialist order below President Tito.

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Only Dalmatia and a tiny enclave in Montenegro remained outside Turkish control. Within the next 50 years Ottoman armies crossed the Danube and even penetrated into Hungary and Romania, laying siege to Vienna in 1529. For another 150 years after this, the Ottoman empire continued to expand northwards and westwards until a high-water mark was reached in 1683, with Ottoman forces assembled for the second time before the gates of Vienna. They were driven back and confined to the area south of the Sava-Danube-Una line, where the frontier remained for almost two centuries.

In the Habsburg lands Slav nationalism assumed different forms from those it displayed in the Ottoman empire, but it eventually had the same disruptive force in challenging the five-hundred-year-old supremacy of the imperial institutions. A potent infuence in shaping national consciousness arises from the perception of their history which the subject peoples nurture, and which is fed by folk traditions, by the preservation of the vernacular language and by the influence of traditional religious beliefs.

By this time the Ottoman empire had long since ceased to be a threat to Christian Europe. The threat to European peace arose from the conse- The early Slav settlers 23 quences of the slow decline of 'the sick man of Europe' and to the rivalries of the Christian powers over the disposal of the Ottoman patrimony. The awakening of national consciousness amongst the subject peoples was a major factor in undermining the power of the sultans. Serbia became an independent kingdom in 1882, after a struggle which began with Karadjordje's revolt in 1804.

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A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples by Fred Singleton

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