By Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

ISBN-10: 9812774963

ISBN-13: 9789812774965

ISBN-10: 9812774971

ISBN-13: 9789812774972

ISBN-10: 981277498X

ISBN-13: 9789812774989

This publication provides a complete review of the fantastic advances noticeable in atomic physics over the past 50 years. The authors clarify how such development was once attainable via highlighting connections among advancements that happened at varied instances. They talk about the recent views and the recent learn fields that glance promising. The emphasis is put, now not on certain calculations, yet particularly on actual rules. Combining either theoretical and experimental concerns, the ebook could be of curiosity to a variety of scholars, academics and researchers in quantum and atomic physics.

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5in General background ourbook 19 to a given axis. The center of mass is delocalized over a large volume and rotates around an axis. This rotation of the center of mass adds to the internal rotation of the atom described by its internal angular momentum. We know how to control the internal angular momentum by choosing the light polarization. Can one choose a spatial dependence of the light field such that it can create quantized vortices in an ultracold atomic gas? In this perspective, the most convenient laser beams seem to be the so-called Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) beams.

6, the broadening of the transition by the natural width Γ of e due to spontaneous emission remains. For most optical transitions, Γ is much larger than ωR so that the recoil doublet of Fig. 1 is not resolved except for very weak transitions (see Sec. 3 of Chap. 6). 5in General background ourbook 17 broadening (without changing the atomic velocities). As it often happens in physics, a limiting process can be turned into an advantage. These exchanges of momentum can be used to exert large radiative forces on atoms that reduce their velocity spread.

This description is similar to that used for analyzing relaxation processes induced by a random perturbation. It allows for a simple introduction of the notion of transition 2 Because of the wave packet spreading, one could think that this approximation does not hold for all times. In fact, the relevant characteristic length of an atomic wave packet is not its spatial extent, but the coherence length, which is a constant of the motion for a free particle. Furthermore, this coherence length decreases in time in the presence of dissipative processes like photon scattering.

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Advances in atomic physics : an overview by Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

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