By C Menictas, M Skyllas-Kazacos, T M Lim
As power made out of renewable resources is more and more built-in into the electrical energy grid, curiosity in power garage applied sciences for grid stabilisation is growing to be. This booklet experiences advances in battery applied sciences and functions for medium and large-scale strength garage. Chapters deal with advances in nickel, sodium and lithium-based batteries. different chapters assessment different rising battery applied sciences akin to metal-air batteries and circulate batteries. the ultimate element of the e-book discuses layout concerns and functions of batteries in distant destinations and for grid-scale storage.
- Reviews advances in battery applied sciences and purposes for medium and large-scale strength storage
- Examines battery forms, together with zing-based, lithium-air and vanadium redox movement batteries
- Analyses layout concerns and purposes of those technologies
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Extra resources for Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage : Types and Applications
Similar to other solid-state electrochemical energy storages, the lithium-ion battery is mainly comprised of the cathode, anode, and electrolyte. The electronic conductive anode and cathode materials are reductant and oxidant, with electrochemical potentials of mA and mC (Fermi energies eF), respectively (Goodenough and Kim, 2010). The energy gap, Eg, is the electrolyte potential window between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO). Unless a passivating solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer creates a barrier for electron transfer across the electrode/electrolyte interface, an anode with a mA above the LUMO will reduce the electrolyte and a cathode with a mC below the HOMO will oxidize the electrolyte (Goodenough and Kim, 2010).
Electrochem. Soc. 133, 1057–1058. , 1985. Sodium Sulphur Battery. Chapman and Hall Ltd, London, UK. , 1985. Investigation of the V(V)/V(IV) system for use in the positive half-cell of a redox battery. J. Power Sources 16, 85–95. , 1985. A study of the V(II)/V(III) redox couple for redox flow cell applications. J. Power Sources 15, 179–190. University of Cambridge, 2014. Batteries. uk/tlplib/batteries/index. php (accessed July 26, 2014). , 2011. A new redox flow battery using Fe/V redox couples in chloride supporting electrolyte.
In a flow-based battery, however, the CE only measures the difference between the charge and discharge capacity of a specific cycle. One cannot predict a flow battery’s cycle life based on the CE value, because the active species crossover is a reversible dynamic process. Energy density is a parameter measuring the energy conversion/delivery of a secondary battery per unit mass or volume. Generally, high energy density is preferred due to reduction of the form factor and footprint, leading to lower system cost.
Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage : Types and Applications by C Menictas, M Skyllas-Kazacos, T M Lim