By Pascal Verdonck

ISBN-10: 0444530754

ISBN-13: 9780444530752

The purpose of this crucial reference is to compile the interdisciplinary components of biomedical engineering schooling. participants evaluation the most recent advances in biomedical engineering examine via an academic standpoint, making the ebook precious for college kids and execs alike. issues variety from biosignal research and nanotechnology to biophotonics and cardiovascular clinical units. - offers a tutorial assessment of contemporary advances - makes a speciality of biomedical excessive expertise - positive aspects contributions from leaders within the box

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The geometry and the construction of the valve should be surgically convenient to insert in the heart. Most number of valves, including natural ones, are constructed from three leaflets. The simplest configuration (Figure 6) shows that it is due to the Å number whose value is about 3. There are two main types of prosthetic valves: mechanical and biological. Mechanical valves can cause various complications, including thrombosis, ischemia, and a b c Figure 5 Results of valve test tester designed and introduced in Institute Heart Prostheses, FCSD.

Stents are made from metal alloys using various techniques. They can be formed from the wire or through excising from tubes using laser. More recent research uses shape memory alloys (Nitinol). Such stents in cooled stage are transported to the target place, where after warming up to physiological temperature, they reach the final shape. One of the first stents clinically applied (Wiktor-GX stent, Medtronic Interventional Vascular, Holland) is an original project of Pole, Dominick Wiktor, in the United States.

Since 1990, in Aachen, the HIA TAH has been developed, which is based on electromechanical driving unit. The inclination of the plate on which the membrane is fixed about 2 cm allows to reach the 65 ml stroke volume. Brushless motor rotates in only one direction (similar to the case of HeartMate, but the construction of the cam unit is different). The pump allows to reach above 10 l/min (with the frequency of 140 bpm under physiological conditions). HeartSaver VAD (WorldHeart Corporation, Ottawa, ON, Canada) is the pulsate pump with hydraulic drive (project led by Tofy Mussivand).

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Advances in Biomedical Engineering by Pascal Verdonck

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