By Stela Manova

ISBN-10: 0190210435

ISBN-13: 9780190210434

This quantity advances our knowing of ways be aware constitution when it comes to affix ordering is equipped within the languages of the realm. A crucial factor in linguistic thought, affix ordering gets a lot realization among the examine group, even though such a lot reviews take care of just one language. against this, nearly all of the chapters during this quantity think of multiple language and supply facts from typologically different languages, a few of that are tested for the 1st time. Many chapters specialise in instances of affix ordering that problem linguistic conception with such phenomena as affix repetition and variable ordering, either one of that are proven to be neither infrequent nor standard in simple terms of lesser-studied languages with volatile grammatical association, as formerly assumed. The publication additionally bargains an particular dialogue at the non-existence of phonological affix ordering, with a spotlight on cellular affixation, and one at the emergence of affix ordering in baby language, the 1st of its variety within the literature. Repetitive operations, bad in lots of theories, are widespread in early baby language and appear to function trainings for morphological decomposition and affix stacking. therefore, the quantity additionally increases very important questions concerning the basic structure of grammar and the character and unwanted side effects of our theoretical assumptions.

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Lejla-ʁa acuuʁa illew-nü sın-dır-dı. (33) a. ’ 31 32 Syntactic and Semantic Ordering lejla-ʁa acuuʁa sın-ıl-dı. b. ’ Most unergatives are agentive, so causativization creates a structure that can contain two agents—the agent of a causing subevent and the agent of a caused subevent. As a result, purpose adjuncts can be associated with either of these two agents. This is what (34a) illustrates for causatives and (34b) for causal passives. Again, no difference can be detected as to the range of interpretations available for (34a) and (34b).

A trivial consequence of this view is that the output of an operation merging a piece of morphology must be a suitable input to a subsequent merge of the next piece of morphology. But the matter becomes less trivial when it comes to a recursive application of the same grammatical morpheme. The prediction is that we only find recursive derivations, where the structure created by the first instance of a morpheme can feed an application of a second instance of the same morpheme. Consider a double causative in Japanese: 1 We are grateful to the audience at the Workshop on Affix Order (University of Vienna, 2011) and the Languages of the Caucasus conference (MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, 2008), especially to Stela Manova, Wolfgang Dressler, Andrei Malchukov, and Bernard Comrie for their insightful comments and discussion.

Haiman (1983), for instance, claims that lexical causatives correspond to more direct, and analytic causatives to a less direct causation. For languages like Balkar, however, this view is problematic given that the same piece of morphology—the -tır- morpheme—is associated with all types of causatives. 29 30 Syntactic and Semantic Ordering The same pattern—semantic contrast between unaccusatives and unergatives, no contrast between causatives and causal passives—is attested with temporal adverbials.

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Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks by Stela Manova

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